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Verb 'be' - grammar

Verb 'be' - positive

Present tense

Subject

I

Verb 'be'

am
He
She
is
It
They
You
are
We
Past tense

Subject

Verb 'be'

I
was
He
She
was
It
They
You
were
We
How to contract the subject and the verb 'be'

To make these more natural we often put the subject and the verb together and shorten them. This is informal and should be used with friends.

Long
Short / contracted
I
am
He / She / It
is
They / You / We
are
I
was
He / She / It
was
They / You / We
were
I'm
He's / She's / It's
They're / You're / We're

You cannot contract the 'subject' and the past tense of the 'verb be' because it would be the same as the present tense. This is confusing. 

Verb 'be' exercises

Present tense
Past tense

They

Long

are

We

Long

are

I

Long

am

It

Long

is

They

Short

're

They

Long

were

We

Short

're

We

Long

were

I

Short

'm

I

Long

was

It

Short

's

It

Long

was

They

We

Short

're

I

Short

'm

It

Short

's

Short

're

Verb 'be' - negative

The most important but often missed part of English. It indicates the state of 'being' and is used in many different pieces of grammar. The verb 'be' changes depending on the subject. 

To change it into the negative, simply add 'not' after the verb 'be'. 

Present tense
I
am
not
He
She
is
not
It
They
You
are
not
We
Past tense
I
was
not
He
She
was
not
It
They
You
were
not
We

To make these sentences more natural we often put the verb and the negative together and shorten them. This is informal and should be used with friends.

How to contract the verb 'be' and the negative
am
not
is
not
are
not
was
not
isn't
aren't
wasn't

We cannot have three words contracted together. We learnt that the subject and verb 'be' can be contracted together, and that the verb 'be' and the negative can be contracted together, but all three cannot

He
is
not
He isn't
He's not
He'sn't

Verb 'be' exercises

Present tense - negative

Long

You

Long

are not

She

Long

is not

I

Long

am not

It

Long

is not

Subject + verb 'be'

You

Short

're not

She

Short

's not

I

Short

'm not

It

Short

's not

Verb 'be' + negative

You

Short

aren't

She

Short

isn't

I

Short

xxx

It

Short

isn't

Past tense - negative

Long

He

Long

was not

They

Long

were not

I

Long

was not

It

Long

was not

Subject + verb 'be'

He

Short

's

They

Short

're

I

Short

???

It

Short

's

Verb 'be' + negative

He

Short

wasn't

They

Short

weren't

I

Short

wasn't

It

Short

wasn't

Verb 'be' - questions (?)

The most important but often missed part of English. It indicates the state of 'being' and is used in many different pieces of grammar. The verb 'be' changes depending on the subject. 

Here we look at how to ask simple questions using the verb 'be'.

Present tense
Am
I
he
Is
she
it
they
Are
you
Past tense
we
Was
I
he
Was
she
it
they
Were
you
we
Contractions
Making questions
She
is
They
are
It
was
Is
she
Are
they
Was
it
Who are you asking?

I

Are you 10-years-old?

You

I