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too vs. very

When is it 'too hot' and when is it 'very hot'?


"It's very hot" means that the temperature is high.

"It's too hot" means that the temperature is high for you, and you don't like it.

Example 2


"The film is very bad" - the quality of the film is low, in your opinion.


"The film is too bad" - the quality of the film is low, in your opinion but it is effecting you negatively.


Let's look at a request based on the previous sentence.


"Can we stop watching the film? It's too bad." - you want to because because of your feelings. The quality of the film is effecting you too much.


"Can we stop watching the film? It's very bad." - you want to stop but the emphasis is on the quality of the film.


Example 3


"It's very noisy in this pub." - this is a opinion, probably based on fact.


"It's too noisy in this pub." - the noise in the pub is effecting your enjoyment. It gives the impression that you want to leave.


Summary


very = factual

too = factual with the consequence that it effecting your enjoyment.


Try it for yourself


You are watching a TV show with your friend and it's scary. You need to leave the room. What do you say to your friend?


You are eating spicy food. It's nice and you're enjoying it. You reach for a glass of water and your friend says:

"Is it spicy?" - what do you say?


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