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Nouns - Lesson One

Vocabulary

What is a noun?

Nouns are:

Person
Place
Thing / Object

People

Places

Things / Objects

People
man
man
Mr. Smith
girl
girl
Annie

These nouns have a capital letter at the beginning (Mike) because they are the names of these people. They are proper nouns.

woman
woman
Jill
Places
beach
classroom

beach

classroom

England
Japan
Japan

Tokyo
England

London
bank

bank

Egypt
Egypt

Giza
Why do these places have capital letters at the beginning of the word?
Answer

These nouns have a capital letter at the beginning (London) because they are the individual names of these places. They are proper nouns.

Things / Objects

'Things' are more difficult. This is because they can be 'countable' or 'uncountable'.

 

For now we will look at 'countable' nouns.

 

If there is more than one thing it is called a 'plural'. 

pen

There is one pen.

pens

There are two pens so we add an 's' to the end of the noun.

book

There is one book.

books
phone
phones

There are four books so we add an 's' to the end of the noun.

There is one phone.

There are three phones so we add an 's' to the end of the noun.

Nouns Exercises

What's wrong with these?

hamburger

Should be 'hamburgers'

Answer
pizzas
Answer

Should be 'pizza'

cups
Answer

Nothing. It's correct!

phone
Answer

Should be 'phones'

Sometimes a plural noun does not have an 's' on the end. For example:

 

 

 

 

 We will look at those later. 

child

childs

children

Determiners - 'A' and 'An'

'a' - when it is followed by a noun means 'one book'.

  • a book

  • one book

  • "I have a book."

  • "I have one book."

  • a pen

  • one pen

  • "He has a pen."

  • "He has one pen."

  • three pens

  • "She has three pens."

A / An

We use 'a' for most items. 'An' is used when the noun has the letter: a, e, i, o or u at the beginning. 

  • an apple

  • one apple

  • an egg

  • one egg

  • an ice cream

  • one ice cream

  • an orange

  • one orange

  • an umbrella

  • one umbrella

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