Conjunctions are used to join clauses or to bridge sentences. We have already used a lot. In this lesson we will study more.
Review - Coordinating Conjunctions
A full clause is part of a sentence which makes sense.
I ate a pizza.
This is a full clause. It has a subject and a verb.
I drank some beer.
She doesn't like cats.
She loves dogs.
'and' is a conjunction used to join two equally important and similar clauses.
I ate a pizza and drank some beer.
NOTE: We can remove the second subject because it's the same.
'but' is a conjunction used to join two equally important clauses. The clauses are different to each other.
She loves dogs but doesn't like cats.
These two clauses are different. One is about 'love' and one is 'doesn't like'. Other exampels:
My mum went out for dinner but didn't enjoy it.
Football is easy but hockey is very difficult.
Basketball players are tall but jockeys are short.
'or' is a conjunction used to join two equally important clauses. The clauses are different choices.
Should I go to the beach or to a theme park?
I wanted to have a burger or a pizza.
We could go to the cinema or stay at home.
'so' is a conjunction used to join two equally important clauses. One clause is the result of another clause.
The weather is excellent so we can have a barbeque.
Our concert starts at 7pm so we need to leave now.
This book is very long so it'll take me a long time to finish it.
This is an old conjunction and 'because' is usually used.
'yet' is a conjunction used to join two equally important clauses and is very similar to 'but'. The difference is that 'yet' is used when the second part is surprising.
Your mum is tall yet you are short.
I hated the play yet normally I love that kind of play.
Review - Subordinating Conjunctions
These conjunctions join full clauses and ___ clauses. They include words such as:
Look at Unit 3 for lots of information on these conjunctions.
'However' is a more formal word for 'but'. It is often used to start a sentence but can be in the middle.
She loves dogs, however, she doesn't like cats.