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Comparative and Superlative - Part 2

Use comparative adjectives and superlative adjectives to say what people or places have. There are lots of examples of comparative and superlative adjectives all about travel.

Comparative with have

Explain

Subject + havehas + comparative adjective + noun + thancomparison noun

Paris has tastier food than London

London has taller buildings than Paris.

Vocabulary - adjectives

Rule 1

When the adjective is one syllable or two syllables (ending in -y) you add 'er' or 'ier'. 

If the adjective ends with a 'y' you drop the 'y' and add 'ier'.

Examples:

Adjective

big

tall

tasty

weak

strong

fresh

Comparative

bigger

taller

tastier

weaker

stronger

fresher

Rule 2

When the adjective is two syllables (and doesn't end in a 'y') or more then we add 'more' at the front. 

Adjective

delicious

popular

famous

peaceful

historic

convenient

Comparative

more delicious

more popular

more famous

more peaceful

more historic

more convenient

Rule 3

There are some exceptions. 

Adjective

good

bad

Comparative

better

worse

Comparative Examples

Subject + have / has + comparative adjective + noun + than + comparative noun

more convenient
convenient comparative

London + has + more convenient + airports + than + Hawaii

London is more convenient airports than Hawaii.

fresher
fresh comparative

Hawaii + has + fresher + air + than + London

Hawaii has fresher air than London.

tasier more delicious better
tasty comparative delicious comparative good comparative

This restaurant + has + tastier + pizza + than + that restaurant

This restaurant has tastier pizza than that restaurant.

This restaurant + has + more delicious + pizza + than + that restaurant

This restaurant has more delicious pizza than that restaurant.

This restaurant + has + better + pizza + than + that restaurant

This restaurant has better pizza than that restaurant.

strong comparative
weaker

He + has + stronger + legs + than + him

He has stronger legs than him.

weak comparative
stronger

He + has + weaker + legs + than + him

He has weaker legs than him.

The subject must possess (have) the first noun. You can't use have + comparative adjective without a noun.

He + has + weaker + than + him

Weaker what?

He + has + weaker + legs + than + him

Comparative Exercises

tall comparative

New York

historic comparative

Florence

hot comparative hotter

Dubai

famous comparative

Paris

taller

Subject + have / has + comparative adjective + noun + than + noun

New York has taller buildings than Florence.

Answer - tall + buildings

Florence

more historic

Florence has more historic buildings than New York.

Answer - historic + buildings

New York

good comparative better

Dubai has hotter weather than Moscow.

Answer - hot + weather

Dubai has better weather than Moscow.

Answer - good + weather

Moscow

more famous

Paris has more famous places than Basel.

Answer - famous + places

Basel

Superlative with have

Explain

Subject + have / has + the + superlative adjective + noun

Tokyo has the best restaurants.

I have the most beautiful eyes.

Rule 1

When the adjective is one syllable or two syllables (ending in -y) you add 'est' or 'iest'. 

If the adjective ends with a 'y' you drop the 'y' and add 'iest'.

Examples:

Adjective

big

tall

tasty

weak

strong

fresh

Superlative

biggest

tallest

tastiest

weakest

strongest

freshest

Rule 2

When the adjective is two syllables (and doesn't end in a 'y') or more then we add 'most' at the front. 

Adjective

delicious

popular

famous

peaceful

historic

convenient

Superlative

most delicious

most popular

most famous

most peaceful

most historic

most convenient

Rule 3

There are some exceptions. 

Adjective

good

bad

Superlative

best

worst

Superlative Examples

Subject + have / has + the + superlative adjective + noun

good superlative

The Louvre + has + the + best + art.

The Louvre has the best art.

The Louvre

art

historic superlative

Italy + has + the + most historic + scenary.

Italy has the most historic scenary.

Italy

scenary

We can add a location to say that the noun is the superlative in a certain place. 

popular superlative

France + has + the + most popular + restaurants + in Europe.

France has the most popular restaurants in Europe.

France

restaurants

tall superlative

New York + has + the + tallest + building + in America.

New York has the tallest building in America.

New York

building

Superlative Exercises

famous superlative

The Louvre

The Louvre has the most famous painting.

Answer - famous

The Louvre has most famous painting in the world.

Answer - famous

+ LOCATION CHUNK

painting

the world

historic superlative

Peru has the most historic place.

Answer - historic

Peru has the most historic place in South America.

Answer - historic

+ LOCATION CHUNK

Peru

place

South America

good superlative

Barcelona have the best footballer.

Answer - good

Barcelona

footballer

Comparative and Superlative - Negative

We add 'do not' to make the sentence negative.

Subject + do / does not + havecomparative adjective + noun + thannoun

London does not have tastier food than Paris.

I don't have longer hair than my sister.

Subject + do / does not + have + thesuperlative adjectivenoun

This does not have the most delicious taste.

That cafe does not have the worst coffee.

Questions

Closed

Does / Do + subject + havecomparative adjective + thannoun

Does / Do + subject + have + thesuperlative adjectivenoun

Does Italy have better weather than the UK?

Does Italy have the best weather?

Open

Comparative

With 'open' questions you must match the question work to the answer you expect. 

Question word + has + comparative adjective: + noun + or + noun

Who has longer hair: me or you?

Where has more peaceful sunbathing: Florida or Monaco?

When has hotter season: spring or summer?

When can not possess something and so can not be used with this grammar. 

Superlative

Question word + has + thesuperlative adjective + noun

Where has the best swimming?

Who has the most beautiful smile?

When has the most popular season?

When can not possess something and so can not be used with this grammar. 

Which - asks for one specific noun out of a group

Comparative

Which + has + comparative adjective nounnoun + or + noun

Which has more convenient airports: London or New York?

Which has worse food: America or Canada?

Be careful. If you are able to use 'who', 'where' or 'when', use them.

Which has more beautiful eyesme or her?

Who has more beautiful eyesme or her?

Which has more convenient transportTokyo or Beijing?

Where has more convenient transportTokyo or Beijing?

Superlative

Which + noun + has + thesuperlative adjective + noun

Which city has the best skiing?

Which restaurant has the most delicious steak?

Which country in Asia has the most peaceful beaches?

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