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Because & Why

This lesson will focus the meaning of because and how to use because. We will also look at the question word 'why'.

Because

We use 'because' to connect a statement with a reason for that statement. 

Statement

I live in Paris.

I am fat. 

She has a book. 

The film was terrible.

My mum gets-up early.

He's wearing a shirt.

Reason

I work in Paris.

I eat a lot of food. 

She's going to the library.

I didn't like the story.

She works in a school. 

He has a job interview.

Statement + because + reason

I live in Paris because I work in Paris.

I am fat because I eat a lot of food

She has a book because she's going to the library.

The film was terrible because I didn't like the story.

My mum gets-up early because she works in a school

He's wearing a shirt because he has a job interview.

Because examples

Jane

She wakes-up because she wants to

because

wakes-up early

She wakes-up because she wants to

she wants to read the newspaper.

Jane wakes-up early because she wants to read the newspaper.

+TIME CHUNK!

Jane wakes-up early on Sunday because she wants to read the newspaper.

Tom

He wears a suit because he

wears a suit

because

He wears a suit because he

he works in an office.

Tom wears a suit because he works in an office.

+FREQUENCEY CHUNK!

Tom wears a suit every day because he works in an office.

Every day Tom wears a suit because he works in an office.

Billy

He wants to go to because

because

He wants to go to because

Billy wants to go to a theme park.

want / theme park

he wants to go on scary rides.

want / scary ride

Billy wants to go to a theme park because he wants to go on scary rides. 

Answer

Vocabulary - verbs

Eye

see

Man Looking Out to the Mountains

look

Watching a Movie

watch

Click on the picture for how to use the verb.

Basic structure:

see + noun / noun phrase

look + preposition + nounnoun phrase

watch + noun / noun phrase

Vocabulary - nouns

I want to see a football match because they are exciting.

Let's break it down:

I want to see a football match

I = subject

want = verb (action or state)

to see = verb you want to do

a = one of many (there's more than one football match.

football match = noun

because

  • joins two sentences

  • second sentence explains first

they are exciting.

they = the subject has changed to football matches. Remember you are saying why you want to see a football match. The subject of the reason is the thing you want to do. 

are = verb 'be'

exciting = adjective describing the subject

Because exercises

Take these jumbled sentences and connect them using 'because'.

go to / London / wants / She / to

Tower of London / to see / wants / she / the

She wants to go to London because she wants to see the Tower of London.

Answer

LondonJameslikes

a play / watches / he / every Friday

James likes London because every Friday he watches a play.

Answer

Lisa / musicals / like /  going to / doesn't

are / boring / they

Lisa doesn't like going to musicals because they are boring.

Answer

libraryEvery weekend / goes to / Samantha / the

likes / she / books

Every weekend Samantha goes to the library because she likes books.

Answer

Because at the beginning

We can put the reason for the statement at the beginning of the sentence.

likes / Samantha / books

library / every weekend / goes / she / the / to

Because Samantha likes books, she goes to the library every weekend.

Commas and 'because'

When we use 'because' at the beginning of a sentence we add a comma (,) after the reason for the statement.

Because exercises

Because + reason + statement

Because

I

Because I am
Because I am

+FREQUENCEY CHUNK!

Because I am a teacher, I wear a tie every day.

Because

Jane

😃

Because she likes gerund she

exercising

Because she likes exercising

+FREQUENCEY CHUNK!

go to the gym

Because Jane loves exercising, she goes to the gym every day.

Answer

Because

musicals

Because musicals are

exciting

Because musicals are exciting

+FREQUENCEY CHUNK!

see

Because musicals are exciting, I see them every weekend.

Answer

Why?

Question word used to ask for a reason for something. 

Question

Why do subject...?

Why did subject...?

Why will subject...?

Why are subject...?

Tense?

Present simple.

Answer

Past simple.

Answer

Future simple.

Answer

Present continuous.

Why examples

Why do you eat cereal for breakfast?

Why did you go to the gym

Why will you read that book?

Why are you doing your homework?

Why exercises

Why will you

Why will you go to see Buckingham Palace?

will...go to see

Why did you

Why did she go to watch a musical?

did she go to watch

Why will they
Answer

Why will they watch a football match?

will they watch

Conversation

Why do you want to go to London?

I want to go to London because of the history. 

Why do you want to go to London?

We can start sentences with 'because' if it is obvious what the orignal statement is.

I want to go to London because of the history. 

Why do you like looking at paintings?